Academic researchers found that minority groups, particularly Native Americans, were being searched at a much higher rate than whites. Analysis of open-records requests, data from millions of traffic stops, and interviews with law enforcement officials and civil rights experts has shown that this trend has continued over the past twelve years, exacerbating existing tensions between police and the communities they patrol.
In our Driving While Indian project, InvestigateWest used data obtained by Stanford University’s Open Policing Project to look at the demographics of who state troopers stop and how often they’re searched. Focusing on searches that weren’t required by statute or policy, we compared the search rates to how often contraband was found in order to determine bias. We found that Native Americans are being searched at a rate more than five times higher than the rate at which white motorists are searched.
Native American motorists pulled over by the Washington State Patrol are more than five times more likely than white motorists to be searched. Rates are also elevated for black and Latino drivers. This story explores potential solutions to police bias, mostly implicit, that leads to this situation nationwide.
Of the estimated 3.5 million reported oil and gas wells across North America, no federal agency or national organization chronicles exactly how many are abandoned, no longer producing but not properly shut down. Studies show that chemicals from these “unplugged” wells cause environmental side effects and are linked to health risks, which directly affects those who live on the land. Many of these wells are on Indian land, where families are tied to the land for millennia and have no real option to leave.