Rocky Barker of the Idaho Statesman highlights the history behind a $1.79 billion bankruptcy settlement between the American Smelting and Refining Co. (ASARCO), owner of the Bunker Hill Mine in Kellogg, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Lead from the mines helped fuel World War II’s barrage of bullets and Idaho’s economic trajectory, but the mine owners knowingly emitted large amounts of lead into the environment, though they could have fixed the emissions control.
Instead, they pursued record profits while poisoning the air with a substance known to make children fidgety, dumb and brain damaged. The Kellogg mine was on the Coeur d’Alene river, which drains into Lake Coeur d’Alene, which along with the upper reaches of the Spokane River is now one of the nation’s largest Superfund sites.
Now, the mine’s waste tailings, full of heavy metals like cadmium, spread into Washington, and the state and the E.P.A.’s work is not done. $435 million of the settlement is set aside specifically for Bunker Hill. The clean up of the mines is revving Idaho’s economic engine now, attracting another $15-20 million in stimulus funds from the Obama Administration.
Read University of Idaho Associate Professor Katherine Aiken’s excellent history of the Bunker Hill mine, whose owners were embroiled in Watergate, giving illegal contributions to the EPA to influence its decisions, rather than spending the money on cleaning up the toxic legacy they had left to Idaho and Washington’s children.